본문 바로가기
  • Home

The Meaning of Manchu -ra and -ha: Are They Tense or Aspect?

  • Journal of Humanities, Seoul National University
  • 2017, 74(3), pp.81-104
  • DOI : 10.17326/jhsnu.74.3.201708.81
  • Publisher : Institute of Humanities, Seoul National University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : June 30, 2017
  • Accepted : July 26, 2017
  • Published : August 31, 2017

SANGCHUL PARK 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to identify the correct positioning of -ha and -ra, which are the only members of participle suffixes in Manchu. Attempts are made to establish if they belong to the categories of tense and aspect, as established in general linguistic theories, such as that of Comrie (1976, 1986). In early Manchu grammars, these suffixes were described mainly according to the traditional three-way tense distinction of past / present / future. Since Avrorin (1949), there has been a tendency to describe these suffixes in aspectual category. However, the aspectual distinction between -ha, which refers to the so-called ‘complete’ situation and -ra, which refers to the ‘incomplete’ situation, differs from the distinction between perfective and imperfective aspect established by Comrie (1976). It can therefore be seen as a tense distinction between past and non-past in terms of relative tense at best.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.