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The Travel to Manchuria and Mt. Beakdu by the Royal Geographical Society in the Late 19th Century

  • Journal of Humanities, Seoul National University
  • 2017, 74(3), pp.159-194
  • DOI : 10.17326/jhsnu.74.3.201708.159
  • Publisher : Institute of Humanities, Seoul National University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : July 14, 2017
  • Accepted : July 26, 2017
  • Published : August 31, 2017

Bae, Sung Joon 1

1동북아역사재단

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to examine the new understanding of Manchuria and Mt. Beakdu in the late 19th century by analyzing seven travel writings published in the Journal of Royal Geographical Society. The travel writings not only contain the detailed observations and measurements of geographical features but also reveal the appropriation of local knowledge by European knowledge. The one material base of their travels was the international network of the British Empire’s state apparatus and local facilities by which means imperial policy was executed. The other base was the practical support from the natives. The French name of Manchuria, “Mantchourie” began to be use at the beginning of the 19th century and soon the English name made an appearance. Along this line, the new understanding of Manchuria, which includes the three provinces in Northeast China, emerged from the 1830s. At first, the region was distinguished from China proper on the ground that it was the homeland of the Manchu people and ruled by warlords. However the regional identity started growing through the gradual awareness of a Manchurian history and Manchurian nation. It was at this juncture that Mt. Beakdu also appeared to Europeans as the object of scientific research.

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