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A Critical Study on the Coloniality of Hwarang Discourse: Focused on the Discourse of Hwarang Mobilization in the First Half of the 1940s

  • Journal of Humanities, Seoul National University
  • 2019, 76(3), pp.403-434
  • DOI : 10.17326/jhsnu.76.3.201908.403
  • Publisher : Institute of Humanities, Seoul National University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : July 11, 2019
  • Accepted : August 11, 2019
  • Published : August 31, 2019

Park Kyoon-Seop 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Hwarang (flower youth corps) system of Silla can be said to be an exceptional human resources training system that is unparalleled in world history of education. Due to limitations of the historical data, there are difficulties in grasping the process by which the Hwarang system appeared and disappeared. However, through information provided by Kim Boo-Shik’s Samgooksagi and Ilyeon’s Samgookyoosa, much can be read in terms of the character of the system. It can clearly be seen that the Hwarang system used music, travel, and training activities through morals as a method of education. This can be called education through poongryoo in accordance with the preface of Nanrangbi of Choi Chi-Won. However, in the 20th century, the Hwarang system came to be distorted and refracted for the purpose of colonial education by the scholars of the Japanese colonial period and pro-Japanese intellectuals and writers. In terms of its nature, an acknowledgment of its education and methods disappeared. What emerged was a bizarre scene in which the Hwarang of Silla became transformed into a Japanese imperial soldier of the Asia-Pacific War. As such, although the Hwarang system had contributed to the fostering and production of talented youths in the Silla Period, in the course of modern research and discussion, they came to be transformed into Japanese troops advancing into the Asia-Pacific War. After a thousand years, Hwarang had become a tool for political and military use, and detached from discussions about education.

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