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The Structure and Heroes of Nomadic Utopia in Jangar

  • Journal of Humanities, Seoul National University
  • 2019, 76(4), pp.13-41
  • DOI : 10.17326/jhsnu.76.4.201911.13
  • Publisher : Institute of Humanities, Seoul National University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : October 12, 2019
  • Accepted : November 7, 2019
  • Published : November 30, 2019

Cho, Hyunsoul 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Jangar’s Bomba is a utopia that 25 years old heroes live in forever. There are only spring and autumn in that Utopia. But Bomba is an unstable utopia. The feast of Bomba is a festival to commemorate the victory, but the festival immediately brings a battle. Thus, Bomba’s feast is an exciting and disturbing one. Within Bomba’s power system, king and priest, king and warrior, warrior and priest always stand against each other. But Jangar, the chief of Bomba, does not solve this conflict from within, but solves it through external battles. Jangar shows unstable leadership. The confrontational structure of the heroes within Bomba reflects the leadership of nomadic society, which is different from that of a residential society. The outside of Bomba, which Jangar embodies, exists as a device to resolve internal confrontation. The outside of Bomba is the space of enemies symbolized by monster Mangas. The outside of Bomba is built on the structure of repeated confrontation between Jangar and Mangas. So, like Bomb, there are feasts in the country of Mangas, but there are no Jangar that coordinate conflicts in the festival of Mangas. There are only Mangas that trigger battles. In the space of the Mangas, the feast becomes a battle and the battle becomes a feast. The narratives of repeated battles between Jangar and Mangas is different from the narrative of the heroes of a residential society which aims for a peace regime beyond war. It shows the structure of an unstable and less peaceful nomadic society.

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