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A Study on the Improvement of Disaster Management Systems in the Korea- Focusing on the Systems of Fire Fighting Area -

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2008, 40(), pp.317-336
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

김충묵 1

1군산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examined the national disaster management system, and fire and disaster management focusing on disaster response. Development in modern society has been changed lifestyle a lot, and these changes have been made both positive and negative affect on our life. The negative part is that as our society develops, it becomes more vulnerable to dangers. When disaster occurs, the National Emergency Management Agency which is in the charge of national disasters and public safety, organizes the emergency rescue management service depending on its size, and seeks to cooperate and interacted with other related authorities, under the Disaster and Safety Management Basic Law. Also, it pulls together all possible resources to carry out best counter measurements by managing recourse allocations and deployment effectively. However, the National Emergency Management Agency had short comings in their exertion to assure public safety and welfare, moreover, its abilities to manage this kind of dangerous society are restricted by political and financial aspects, which is the foundation for improving disaster management and countermeasure system. Fire department, which plays a significant role in field response that most important part of disaster managements, is being left out in policy making decision, which resulted in government’s reduction in disaster response funding. To make sure for Korea to be a safe country, the National Emergency Management Agency should be reformed to have more effective system by strengthening operations of agency, establishing new department of field operation and changing its administrative centered system to field response focused system. To accomplish these, fire department has to be granted its independence and reformed to its organizational structure to be unified. If government delays in reforming its system, it could risk life and assets of its own people, so continuous in-depth researches and attentions on this matter are required from now on.

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