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Korean CCS Policy and Legislative Direction - Focused on the Land Expropriation and Public Acceptance -

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2016, 74(), pp.251-271
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Kim, Dong-Ryun 1

1신안산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Carbon dioxide is being discussed as the main cause of global warming. The energy consumption has increased due to increase of population and industrialization and the use of fossil fuels such as coal and oil increased rapidly to increase the emission of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere up to the uncontrollable level, accelerating the global warming. Under the circumstance, countries around the world are concentrating on research and investment to reduce the emission carbon dioxide, the main cause of greenhouse gas (GHG). In June 2016, Korea set the long-term goal for the reduction of GHG at 37% below BAU as of 2030 and chose CCS as one of the methods to achieve the goal. Regarding the decision to apply CSS, Korea shall discuss various problems that can be involved with the introduction of CCS and undergo legislative adjustment to resolve such problems. This study focused on land expropriation and public acceptance among the problems and discussed them based on the bills currently being prepared by the Ministry of Environment. Problems expected in relation to land expropriation include the subsoil use of the land the expropriation of land. Public acceptance is the most important part of CCS policy and is essential for the efficient implementation of CCS. As the efforts to resolve such problems, the Ministry of Environment has prepared a variety of measures such as resident support, fund raising, public conference, migration measures, and environmental impact assessment and also developed an environmental dispute arbitration system to resolve disputes over the case of leakage that may occur during the process of carbon dioxide capture, transportation, and storage. The legislation for such efforts is the legal contents that need to be pursued for unification.

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