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Legal Issues on Public Land Law for Social Sustability

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2016, 75(), pp.67-99
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Kim, Sung-Bae 1

1국민대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Sustainable Development and Sustainability are used various occasions but there is a risk of abuse and deterioration of sustainable and sustainabiity. Korean Constitution never use susbtainable or sustainability in the Text but there are many articles that express the core idea of environmentally sound and sustainable development or sustainability. The term “sustainability” means using economic, social and environmental resources in a harmonized and balanced way without wasting or deteriorating in quality those resources to be used by future generations to meet the needs of the present according to Sustainable development act of Korea. In the Preamble of Constitution, the core sprit of ESSD are embodied in many paragraphs such as “to consolidate national unity with justice, humanitarianism and brotherly love”, “To afford equal opportunities to every person and provide for the fullest development of individual capabilities in all fields, including political, economic, social and cultural life”, or “to elevate the quality of life for all citizens and contribute to lasting world peace and the common prosperity of mankind”. Redefining the concept of Public Land Law or Public Property Law have several befits but, using private law concept for redefining the public land law is a mistake in continental legal system which recognizes the difference between public law and private law. Concept of land in public law has to root in Constitution not a civil law. In Constitution, Land means the territory of the Rebulbic of Korea. Land in Public law concept has to include property, land, territorial waters, and severign airspace. Recently the ecosystem has been seriously damaged by reckless development. The Ministry of Environment is now shifting its policy from one of “end-of-pipe” management and being regulation-centered to one striving to be preparatory and self-regulating. The nature conservation plan has been focused on protecting only the wildlife, so a systematic conservation of the nationwide ecosystem is inherently limited. To go beyond this limit, the strengthening of the link between the natural environmental conservation plan and the land use development plan is necessary. The central government and self-governing bodies should have reasonable roles and responsibilities, and cooperate for more efficient conservation planning. In order for Korea to further develop and achieve a structural change with respect to its economy and society, it is important to work on realizing the appropriate use of its land. The main task for land policy is to maintain a perspective that public welfare regarding land is first and to promote the realization of the appropriate use of land at the same time. Real estates legislation has introduced and maintained a variety of systems, controlling the strength of regulation depending on changes of times and economic situation.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.