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A Study on the Legal Issues of Data Attributes and Localization Norms

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2017, 78(), pp.213-260
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Hyunkyung KIM 1

1서울과학기술대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Governments in recent years are making efforts to legislate data localization as part of a broader effort to advocate digital sovereignty. The attributes of the data are based on un-territoriality. However, sovereignty is the power that characterizes the absoluteness and permanence of a nation based on territory. The Internet-based space as a space where data is generated and circulated is the domain of sovereignty. Therefore, in order to exercise jurisdiction as the exercise of sovereignty over data in the Internet space, it must first be possible to manage and control data. The normative attempt to constrain the attributes of such data in accordance with the principle of territoriality is called ‘data localization’, which restricts the location of data. The data localization norm itself is in fact contrary to the technical nature of the data. Therefore, there is a limit to completely prevent the technical effect only by setting the norm. However, norms are not necessarily dependent on technical attributes and does not necessarily conform to the technical attributes, rather, it is desirable that institutions be designed so that technical attributes can work in a way that is beneficial to human life. Localization of all data is completely contrary to the technical nature of the data and is realistically questionable. However, localization should be pursued for specific data indispensable for national sovereignty, such as the privacy of citizens, national security, and public records. The localization norms for other data are not uniformly set for all countries in view of the economic ripple effects, the necessity of data cooperation, and so on. The principle of localization based on reciprocity, which is the most basic principle for the realization of external sovereignty, is reasonable. In addition, data localization is rather easy to utilize as a means of government monitoring and control, which also hinders the development of democracy, which is the institutional guarantee of national sovereignty. In addition, data localization can be exploited as a means for the government to monitor and control the people. This is also detrimental to the development of democracy to institutionalize popular sovereignty. Therefore, when setting the data localization norm, a means for not causing the improper result by the arbitrary public power will have to be necessarily provided with.

Citation status

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