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A Study on the principles of French unity and the rule of governance

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2017, 78(), pp.327-348
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

BAEK YUN CHUL 1

1대구사이버대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This thesis is discussing the implications of France's governing bodies and examining the implications of the governing body during the revision of the constitution, which is discussed in Korea. Before discussing French governance, the principle of forming a French government is important in defining the French government, and discussions on the governance of the ruling body will be discussed. Hopefully, this paper will help the government revise the South Korean government's constitution. A semi-presidential system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible to the legislature of a state. It differs from a parliamentary republic in that it has a popularly elected head of state, who is more than a purely ceremonial figurehead, and from the presidential system in that the cabinet, although named by the president, is responsible to the legislature, which may force the cabinet to resign through a motion of no confidence. The powers that are divided between president and prime minister can vary greatly between countries. In France, for example, in case of cohabitation when the president and the prime minister come from opposing parties, the president oversees foreign policy and defence policy [these are generally called les prérogatives présidentielles (the presidential prerogatives)] and the prime minister domestic policy and economic policy. In this case, the division of responsibilities between the prime minister and the president is not explicitly stated in the constitution, but has evolved as a political convention based on the constitutional principle that the prime minister is appointed (with the subsequent approval of a parliament majority) and dismissed by the president. On the other hand, whenever the president is from the same party as the prime minister who leads the conseil de gouvernement (cabinet), he often (if not usually) exercises de facto control over all fields of policy via the prime minister. It is up to the president to decide, how much "autonomy" he leaves to "his" prime minister to act on his own.

Citation status

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