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A Study on the Change of the Population in the Period and Suggestions - Mainly in the metropolitan area -

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2017, 79(), pp.789-813
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Cho Kye Pyo 1

1중원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The population of Seoul has historical significance in Korea. Since the emancipation, population concentration in Seoul began in the 1960s. The state-led industrialization policy has caused rapid population concentration in Seoul. These factors are, above all, economic reasons related to jobs. On the other hand, population growth in Seoul caused various social problems, and regional imbalance caused by the decrease of local population. Moreover, the construction of new towns such as Bundang and Ilsan, which were constructed to solve the housing shortage in Seoul in the 1980s, led to the overcrowding of the metropolitan area, and more and more people were finding jobs and concentrated in Seoul. The population change in Seoul has become a national problem, not just limited Seoul city. Whenever the regime was replaced, the population dispersion policy was implemented. In the 1970s, in order to curb the concentration of population and industry into Seoul, government offices and state-owned enterprises moved to the Gangnam area and implemented the policy of establishing large industrial complex in provinces. In the 1980s, the selection of 15 growth urban centers in the provinces and the establishment of the Metropolitan Area Maintenance Planning Act were promoted in order to balance the development of the metropolitan area and balanced development of the land. In the 1990s, the Third National Land Development Comprehensive Plan was set as the basic goal of decentralization type. As a strategy for this purpose, local growth and concentration control policy of the Seoul metropolitan area were adopted. In the 2000s, the Roh Moo - hyun government built the Sejong new town in the Chungcheong-do as a reason to solve the traffic congestion and population overcrowding problem in the metropolitan area by transferring the central hub to the province. Despite this policy of the previous government, the concentration of population in the metropolitan area has brought about the adverse effects of traffic problems, environmental pollution, and rising house prices. Therefore, this paper examines the problems caused by population change in Seoul and looks at what policies were implemented in the era and suggest alternatives.

Citation status

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