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A Study on Problems of the Legal System for Spatial Data and Improvement Measures

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2018, 83(), pp.55-83
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law
  • Received : July 30, 2018
  • Accepted : August 20, 2018

Kim Chang-Hwee 1

1나사렛대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

A space is the base of living for everyone and a person’s sense is based on the space inevitably. Since the space is the place where all phenomena are revealed along with time, various academic theories start from the space inevitably. Whether the space is natural or artificial, it is the fundamental base of living for people. The interest in this fundamental base of living is leading to the demand for new information about the space. In other words, the space is faced with various factors that threaten humanity’s survival and national security such as increasing environmental contamination in the air, soil, and water including fine dust and the destruction of ozone layer in addition to various disasters and calamities and the insufficiency of food and resources. It is necessary to make accurate decisions based on the objective data of the space in order to resolve such problems. Also, a new area involving spatial data such as the creation of new added values in combination with various data on humanities, economics, and social phenomena along with such data is emerging. Spatial data refers to the location information of natural or artificial object that exist on the ground, under the ground, on the water, or under the water and the information required for spatial recognition and decision making related with the object (Article 2.1 of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Act). The government established the “Framework Act on National Spatial Data Infrastructure”, the “Act on the Establishment, Management, Etc. of Spatial Data”, and the “Spatial Data Industry Promotion Act” in order to stipulate matters relating to the efficient development and comprehensive use and management of a national spatial data system to contribute to the advancement of national economy through the rational use of national land and resources (Article 1 of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure Act) in preparation for environmental changes in national spatial data. However, the redundancy caused by the planned systems of the said three space related laws and the ambiguity in the interrelation between them as well as the issue of protecting personal information in relation to the distribution of spatial data shall be resolved.

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