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A Legal Study on the Decentralization and Self-governing Police System

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2019, 85(), pp.313-333
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law
  • Received : January 31, 2019
  • Accepted : February 15, 2019

Jang Kyo-Sik 1

1건국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In regard to the police system, the Korean government has operated a centralized national police force. As a result, even though the policing efficiency is high, the police system has been operated in a uniform fashion without considering regional characteristics. As a result, citizens’ wants and needs have not been properly reflected. To address this issue, a metropolitan self-governing police system has been promoted allowing the police system to be more democratic and to strengthen the policing activities. Self-governing police forces should be formed in a resident-friendly way to improve crime-prone environments through the cooperation between the police and local authorities while reflecting the locals’ demands. Furthermore, self-governing police forces should actively respond to citizens’ requests and have the authority and manpower to maintain their identity. According to the Special Committee Draft for Self-governing Police Systems, which was discussed at the Self-governing Police Systems Committee under the Presidential Committee on Autonomy and Decentralization held in November 2018, the metropolitan autonomous police system would be launched in 2019 and implemented nationwide by 2022. This study attempted to investigate the autonomous police system in the Jeju Special Self-governing Province which has been operating since July 2006, analyze a plan to introduce the Special Committee Draft for Self-governing Police System, examine how to establish the local authority’s roles through this new system, and to find a specific plan to implement it. The Special Committee Draft for Self-governing Police Systems is only a framework for the long-discussed advancement to autonomous police forces. In other words, there should be continued efforts to push through a government bill finalized through public hearings and have the self-governing police system implemented through a legislative process. After all, it appears that the introduction of a metropolitan self-governing police system and its successful implementation would establish grassroots democracy leading to another step toward actual decentralization.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.