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A Study on the Problem and Improvement of Unoccupied Houses Act- Focusing the Act on Special Cases Concerning Unoccupied House or Small Scale Housing Improvement -

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2021, 93(), pp.1-22
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law
  • Received : February 1, 2021
  • Accepted : February 22, 2021
  • Published : February 25, 2021

Lee,Heon-Seok 1

1서원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Korean society is on the process of transform from rapid-growth society to low-growth society. And the housing supply rate has long reached 110%. The decreasing demand for houses and the dropping value of real estate due to these social and economic changes are major reasons for vacant houses. As for the causes of vacant houses by the area, they are caused by the deterioration of the old downtown and the postponement of vacant house maintenance projects in urban areas. In rural areas, their main causes are aging and a decrease in the population. There are various reasons for leaving house empty such as being for sale, for rent or are being repaired. Vacant houses create diverse problems for cities : they become breeding grounds for crime and generate a spiral of decline. Especially unoccupied house can lead to damp and pest and also anti-social behavior such as vandalism, arson or squatting. To cope with “Act on Special Cases Concerning Unoccupied House or Small Scale Housing Improvement(Unoccupied House Act)” was legislated in February of 2017. This Act stipulates requirements and special cases to ensure the efficient maintenance of neglected houses and activate the maintenance of small houses. However, there seems some problems and limits of the Act even though it has not operated in the field yet. So, this study reviews problems and improvements of the Unoccupied House Act. As a result, the “Agricultural and Fishing Villages Improvement Act”, the “Building Management Act”, and the “Unoccupied House Act” shall be integrated into one in connection with the maintenance of empty houses. This is because it is reasonable to apply empty houses under the same law because they have the same nature and content even if they are in farming and fishing villages or in cities, and the maintenance measures and other support are similar. In addition, the Acts shall be integrated into "the Unoccupied House Act” to ensure that one competent department manages the policies in order to enhance the consistency, expertise, and efficiency of the policies. Local governments are also responsible for maintaining vacant houses. The State shall stipulate in the Act that local governments provide administrative and financial support necessary for the maintenance of empty houses. On the other hand, the private and public joint collaboration system should be strengthened to utilize the private sector that produces various ideas in terms of the management and utilization of empty houses.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.