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Legal and Institutional Studies on the Development Plan of the Autonomous Police System

  • Public Land Law Review
  • Abbr : KPLLR
  • 2021, 96(), pp.185-212
  • Publisher : Korean Public Land Law Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law
  • Received : October 31, 2021
  • Accepted : November 22, 2021
  • Published : November 25, 2021

Lee, Jae-Ran 1 Shin Yeon Su 1 Cho Kye Pyo 1

1중원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

It has been more than 100 days since the autonomous police system was implemented nationwide. In the meantime, the autonomous police system has been piloted in Jeju Island since 2006 in order to realize decentralization of autonomy. In the case of the Jeju Autonomous Police, it was separated from the Jeju National Police Agency and a separate Jeju Autonomous Police Corps was operated. However, the autonomous police system, which will be implemented nationwide from July 1, 2021, has been criticized for adopting a method of dividing affairs among existing police organizations without establishing a new organization. The current autonomous police system is a system in which the national police organization performs the duties of the autonomous police. This leads to overload and confusion in the work of front-line police officers. In the process of carrying out their duties, the Autonomous Police Committee is experiencing operational problems because it is not properly consulted with local governments on the issues of personnel and budget rights of the police. The autonomous police system is divided into the national police, investigation police, and autonomous police, and the national police handles information, supplementary affairs, and foreign affairs. The police are in charge of daily life-related affairs such as safety, transportation, women, school violence, and sexual violence. However, in this system, one organization handles state affairs and autonomous affairs, and the police station, a state institution, is under the direction and supervision of the autonomous police committee in the process of handling autonomous affairs, so many problems are exposed in the implementation process. In addition, centralized laws and practices are still maintained, and police officers in the field do not realize the self-governing police. The job of the police is to maintain public well-being and order. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify the authority of the self-governing police committee and to realign the status of the police officers in charge of autonomous police affairs in order to provide a police for residents and a self-governing police suitable for the era of localization. In addition, it is necessary to overcome the disconnection of communication by forming a consultative body for business cooperation between the police agencies performing autonomous police affairs and general administrative agencies.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.