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The Change of Ippo Port Settlement in the Lower Geum River: Focusing on Development Period and Decline Period of Port Settlement

  • Journal of the Association of Korean Geographers
  • Abbr : JAKG
  • 2013, 2(1), pp.21-40
  • Publisher : Association of Korean Geographers
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography

방갑주 1

1공주대학교

ABSTRACT

This is a paper about the change of port settlement in both a development period from 1930 to 1960 and its decline period after 1960. The developing stage was when a basic landscape manifested cultural characteristics such as village and town. As the commercial function of Ippo port was expanded, it attracted people and population of Ippo grew. This caused the main road to provide commercial and service function. A commission agency was important but weaken by a fishermen's union. Fish in Ippo and brown rice was loaded and unloaded by commision agency and union labor. The port settlement was declined by the construction of railroads and new road. At 1920, railroads were considered as a more convenient transportation than water transfortation. As the road traffic is much faster than water traffic, it replaced the water traffic. After the Ippo port stopped in 1960s, a regular interval market and commercial function also stopped and it brought about the population decrease like other rural areas. The construction of Geumgang river estuary dam at 1990 had an impact on the end of the port in Ippo. Ippo has held a Uyea festival since 2004 as a part of regional development.

Citation status

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