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The Development of Changes in the Korean-Japanese Common Nouns of Chinese Characters Shown in the Process of the Bible Translation

  • Journal of Japanese Culture
  • 2018, (76), pp.363-385
  • DOI : 10.21481/jbunka..76.201802.363
  • Publisher : The Japanese Culture Association Of Korea (Jcak)
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : January 8, 2018
  • Accepted : February 5, 2018
  • Published : February 28, 2018

An, Jeong-Whan 1

1한남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper has traced the changes of Chinese characters used in common in the two countries based on Mark Gospel with a different translation period between Korean and Japanese. The Mark Gospel that I first used is Mark Gospel(1885) by Soo-jung Lee and Meiji version(1887) of Japan, the second one is Old Testament(1911) of Korea and Taisvo version(1917) of Japan, and the third one is Reversion(1998) of Korea and The New Interconfessional Bible(1988) of Japan. The research findings are summarized as follows. First, it is about quantitative changes of common Chinese characters shown in each translation version of the comparison target. 72 shared Chinese characters have been found in the first research, but 66 of them have intactly accepted the Chinese characters translated in BC, the original text which is written in Chinese. This is regarded upon the spontaneous result because Korea and Japan belonging to a cultural area of chinese characters translated the Bible based on the same original text which is written in Chinese. However, the first 72 common nouns of Chinese characters sharply dropped to 39 in the second research. This is due to the change shown in the process of translation in accordance with each language culture. However, as a result of comparing the third research with the second one, I have found that Chinese characters used in common increased to 74 again. I think that this change, above all, was caused by a sharp increase in Chinese characters read by sound in Japanese.

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