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Development of Executive Function in Early childhood and its relation to Self-Regulation: Focus on Delay of Gratification

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2019, 32(2), pp.149-169
  • DOI : 10.35574/KJDP.2019.06.32.2.149
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science
  • Received : April 15, 2019
  • Accepted : May 30, 2019
  • Published : June 15, 2019

Kim SungJu 1 Jeong, Yoonkyung 1

1가톨릭대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The present study examined the development of executive function in early childhood and investigated its relation to self-regulation. For these ends, a total 120 participants were given a Flanker task and a Delay of Gratification task(DG). Our results show age-related changes in the Flanker task and DG. In addition, there were significant correlations between ages, inhibition, shifting skills in the Flanker task, and attention deployment and waiting time in DG. Furthermore, after controlling for the age effect, the success group in DG showed higher levels of inhibition and a shifting ability in executive function compared with the failure group in DG. These findings support the hypothesis that the development of Executive Function is one of the underlying factors of self-regulation in early childhood.

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