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The longitudinal effects of grit on anxiety and school adjustment among high school students

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2019, 32(3), pp.21-36
  • DOI : 10.35574/KJDP.2019.09.32.3.21
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science
  • Received : July 15, 2019
  • Accepted : August 23, 2019
  • Published : September 15, 2019

Yeoul Shin 1 PARK, DAEUN 1 Minju Koo 1

1충북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Grit, enthusiasm and perseverance for achieving important life goal, predict cognitive, emotional, and behavioral outcomes. Although prior work on grit has indicated that grit leads to adaptive outcomes, we know relatively little about the longitudinal effects of grit. To address this gap in the literature, we examined whether changes in grit predicted changes in anxiety and school adjustment levels during adolescence. We assessed high school students’ (N=377) leavels of grit, anxiety, and school adjustment twice(six months apart). The results confirmed that an increase in grit predicted a rank-order decrease in anxiety, which in turn predicted a rank-order increase in school adjustment. These findings suggest that improving grit may enhance adolescents’ psychological well-being and school adaptation abilities.

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