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Japanese Post-war Pacifism Revisited: Security Perception of the Post-war Intellectuals and its Limitation

  • 日本硏究
  • 2008, (24), pp.255-276
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 20, 2008

남기정 1

1국민대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to analyse and to evaluate the Japanese post-war pacifism. The three statements of ‘Heiwa-mondai-danwakai (Meeting for discussing on Peace Problem)’ are assessed to be the origin of Japanese post-war pacifism. The proponents of the ‘Danwakai’ make much of the fact that ‘Danwakai’ offered the logical basis to overcome the two-camp theory. The opponents criticize that the ideals of the ‘Danwakai’ was too lofty to be realized in the real human world. A balanced evaluator will pay attention to the fact that ‘Danwakai’ pacifism was formed against the Korean War. To accept the reality of war might mean to abandon the ideals for peace. In that sense, Danwakai’s utopian romanticism was designed deliberately or politically as a strategy for pacifist in those years. When the followers of ‘Danwakai’ pacifism promoted it to be the principle, the limitation and the defects of the Japanese post-war pacifism appeared clearly.

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