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Sentence Pattern and the Usage of Three Categories Adjective Predicative Construction

  • 日本硏究
  • 2014, (36), pp.61-83
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 20, 2014

Haehwan Park 1

1숙명여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article investigates and analyzes relationship between sentence constructions and meaning of words in three categories adjective predicative sentence from the point of logic of sentence pattern. Particularly, this article works on the understanding of adjective predicates and sentence pattern of the sentence pattern of three categories, the meaning of each sentence pattern, words and phrases, the analysis about connection between the role of the auxiliary word and that adjective predicates, and also the usages and characteristics of the three categories adjective predicative construction. As a result, main sentence pattern and usage of three categories adjective predicative construction are as in the following. ① 「N3ha(ga)+N2ni+N1ga+A」: general Huzai target for judgment, criterion for Tekihuteki Ryouteki judgment, Suuryou background for judgment, Ganbou target for judgment. ② 「N3ha(ga)+N2to+N1ga+A」: Kankei Huzai target for judgment, general Kankei target for judgment. Sinso Kankei target for judgment. ③ 「N3ha(ga)+N2kara+N1ga+A」: standard for judgment of Kuukanryou, source of Suuryou judgment, target for Huzai of source. ④ 「N3ha(ga)+N2de+N1ga+A」: Huzai background for judgment. ⑤ 「N3ha(ga)+N2ni+N1o+A」: Ganbou target for judgment. ⑥ 「N3ni+N2ha(ga)+N1ga+A」: Huzai judgment of judged subject, target and time background for Nouryoku judgment. ⑦ 「N3de+N2ha(ga)+N1ga+A」: target and space background for Nouryoku judgment. ⑧ 「N3ni+N2ha・ga+N1ni+A」: similarity judgment under criteria for comparison of judged subject, similarity and difference judgment under criteria for comparison of judged subject. ⑨ 「N3ha(ga)+N2ha(ga)+N1de+A」: cause of Hanbou judgment.

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