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A consideration about ‘Zibun-Zisin’ : Centering on the Selection of the Third Person Pronoun

  • 日本硏究
  • 2014, (36), pp.85-103
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 20, 2014

Seyama Midori 1

1수원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This research examined the differentiated uses of ‘Zibun-Zisin’ and the third person pronoun+‘Zisin’. In Chapter 2, the viewpoint theories of Susumu Kuno (1980) and Harumi Sawada (1999); subject orientation, long-distance restraint, and local binding of Masaru Nakamura (1996); Midori Seyama’s theory of the meaning of ‘Zibun-Zisin’ (2013) were examined. In Chapter 3, in each case where antecedents are the third personal pronoun and where they are not, the examples were classified and totaled on the basis of the classified types of referents; the spatial relationship between ‘Zibun-Zisin’ and the third person pronoun+‘Zisin’ and an antecedent; and the coexistence or non-coexistence of a synonym and a third person pronoun, etc. In Chapter 4, I have analyzed how the functions in precedent research were being utilized, and my observed results are as follows. a. In cases of common people or things are the references, and where it is in sntence structures like modifying clauses or modified nouns, it is easy for ‘Zibun-Zisin’ to appear. b. In sentences and contexts where the plurality of synonym and third person pronouns, and ‘Zibun-Zisin’ and third person pronoun+‘Zisin’ coincide, it can be used as the theory of local binding and long-distance restraint, and as the meaning of ‘Zibun-Zisin'. c. In sentences and contexts with an antecedent, ‘Zibun-Zisin’, and the third person pronoun+‘Zisin’, it is used by the viewpoint theory and the theory of the meaning of ‘Zibun-Zisin’. In that case, the third person pronoun+‘Zisin’ can express the meaning of ‘Zibun-Zisin’. d. In sentences where the synonym and the third person pronoun, ‘Zibun-Zisin’ and the third person pronoun+‘Zisin’ do not coincide, it can be used by the viewpoint theory and the theory of the meaning of ‘Zibun-Zisin’.

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