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The Relationship between Educational System and Schools in Teaching of “Tradition and Culture” : A Case Study of Educational Courses in Okinawa Prefectural Yaeyama High School

  • 日本硏究
  • 2014, (36), pp.293-310
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 20, 2014

goya junko 1

1国立民族学博物館 文化資源研究センター

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the way in which the dual themes of ‘Tradition and Culture’ have beentreated in the field of school education have shown growing diversification. Against sucha background, this has repercussions on who literally ‘keeps the flame’ of the EducationMinistry’s guidelines based on the revised 2006 Fundamental Law of Education. A further issue that has arisen is to whether any efforts related to these twin themesare to be covered as part of the established core curriculum (including integrated periodsof study.) Or, should they be categorised among non-core study areas. Consequently, theeffective enforcement of such a curriculum, whose burden is borne by both national andregional government, differs depending on each school’s situation. So, it is ultimately upto the discretion of each individual school as to if it consigns this subject to being a non-coresubject or not. In this regard, it is necessary not to overlook the way in which schoolsand their respective regions are involved. With reference to the institutional efforts relating to national ideas of ‘Tradition andCulture,’ this paper will review the individual implementations accompanying the revisionsmade to the Education Ministry’s guidelines. In addition, it will place under considerationthe practical elements of the performing arts curricula adopted by Yaeyama High School. In particular, attention will be paid to the ways in which the courses offered at YaeyamaHigh School manifest and function in terms of the wider curriculum. Consequently, theeducational system related to implementing ‘Tradition and Culture’ based lessons alongwith the school’s own interpretation of such a policy and its wealth of other functionswill be commented upon.

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