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Aspects of Interactions in Requesting Behaviors of Korean, Chinese, and Japanese Speakers: -A Study on the Interactions in the Initial Conversation Portions-

  • 日本硏究
  • 2018, (48), pp.71-88
  • DOI : 10.20404/jscau.2018.02.48.71
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : December 31, 2017
  • Accepted : January 31, 2018
  • Published : February 20, 2018

Kim, Jong-Wan 1

1전주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The current study analyzes the aspects of inter actions taken by the requester and the requestee by observing Korean, Chinese, and Japanese college students who ask for a recommendation from their advising professors. The interactions expressed during the initial conversation are (1) greeting when entering the room, (2) request for self-introduction, (3) request to sit down, and (4) making the request. The current study makes the following observations about interactions of the Korean, Chinese, and Japanese students. (1) When the requester entered his or her advising professor’s office, Korean professors (requestees) only used response expressions without saying greeting expressions. (2) When requesting self-introduction to the requester, Japanese-speaking requestees utilized various levels of honorific speech. (3) When the requestee asked the requester to take a seat, Japanese- and Chinese-speaking requesters sat down as they used expressions of gratitude to the professor, but Korean-speaking requesters only said “yes.” (4) Korean-speaking requesters took the initiative in requesting the recommendation, while Chinese-speaking students indirectly approached the subject when their advising professor asked their purpose of visit. In addition, Japanese speakers tended to begin their request with expressions of apology. As shown, the current research reveals that Korean-, Chinese-, and Japanese-speaking requesters and requestees take different forms of interaction in short discourses made when beginning a conversation.

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