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A Study on the Japanese Social Perspective on War Crime as seen through  BC Class War Crime Trial -Focusing on the Bushido Trial-

  • 日本硏究
  • 2018, (48), pp.243-260
  • DOI : 10.20404/jscau.2018.02.48.243
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : December 31, 2017
  • Accepted : January 31, 2018
  • Published : February 20, 2018

KANG KYUNGJA 1

1고려대학교 글로벌일본연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This Study tried to identify the problems and causes of Japanese perspective on war criminals focusing on the perception of war criminals in the trial process of BC class war crimes trial. To this end, this paper investigated how the spirit of Samurai was projected into the perception of the BC class war criminals and Japanese society by examining Yokohama Court’s " Bushido Trial", one of the BC class war crimes trials, and the nature of the Samurai spirit, which became the spiritual foundation of the Japanese people under the modern emperor system. As a result, the traditional Japanese spirit of the Samurai was thoroughly used to establish the ideology of the modern emperor. This was later deteriorated into the Imperial Samurai Spirit which claimed even one’s life for the Emperor at war times. Because BC class war criminals were brainwashed in this spirit, they could not feel any sense of conscience or responsibility for the atrocities of war carried out in the name of the Emperor. The lack of guilt on the war and war responsibility in the present Japanese society can be said to be relevant to the imperial Samurai spirit. Before criticizing the war crimes trial against Japan, Japanese society should look at the realities and problems of the imperial Samurai spirit that was transformed for the establishment of the modern emperor ideology. Only then would it be possible to confront the historical fact of how many Asian countries have been damaged by the war in the name of the Emperor, and move to a real reconciliation with the other Asian countries.

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