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Noda in casual conversations of Korean-speaking learners of Japanese —A comparison with noda in formal conversations—

  • 日本硏究
  • 2019, (51), pp.47-67
  • DOI : 10.20404/jscau.2019.08.51.47
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : June 29, 2019
  • Accepted : July 30, 2019
  • Published : August 20, 2019

Yang, Naeyun 1 lee kil yong 1

1중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the current study, we focus on the actual use of noda in casual conversations with the plain form of Korean-speaking learners. Further, this study compares and analyzes the use of noda pronounced in casual conversations by Korean-speaking learners, using formal conversations of Korean-speaking learners and casual conversations of Japanese native speakers. The results are summarized as follows: (1) Korean-speaking learners use noda more frequently in formal conversations than in casual conversations. Korean-speaking learners use noda less frequently than do Japanese native speakers in casual conversations. (2) Korean-speaking learners use noda much more often than other modality expressions both in casual and formal conversations. However, this tendency is more pronounced in formal conversations. (3) The affinity between noda and verbal predicates is found in polite conversations but not in casual conversations. Hence, noda in Korean-speaking learners has been found to be used in formal conversations much more frequently than in casual conversations. Additionally, the characteristics of the use of noda in polite conversations are not found in casual conversations. With regard to the recognition of the frequent use of noda in formal conversations, learners may tend to avoid using the morphologically complex -masu type in difficult verbal predicates in the polite form system and instead use the simplified form of mechanically suffixing n-desu onto the plain form.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.