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七月詩派의 流派적 範疇와 系譜性에 대한 小考

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2012, (21), pp.253-274
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2012..21.013
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture

Woo Kwang Jung 1

1숙명여자대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to illustrate the July Poetry Society's category, especially focusing on its poetic genealogical tree during the War against Japan and the Civil War. The first step in mobilizing poets to support the anti-Japanese literary trend was taken in September 1932 with the poets of the Chinese Poetry Association 中國詩歌會. The sympathy on Chinese sufferings let many Chinese poets advocate a proletarian-oriented poetry before the advent of the Chinese Poetry Association. But the poets of the League of Left-wing were significantly full of adolescent fantasies for the proletarian revolution. As a result of this, their poetic language and imagery remain curiously abstract, formulaic, and propagandistic. These poems are failure to stir the feelings of others, because they are vacant in content and low-grade in style. Even though the poets of the July Poetry Society received the influence of both poets of the League of Left-wing and the Chinese Poetry Association, their poems were sincere and good enough to show personal point of view with portraying the simple people's living hardship under the years of the Anti-Japanese Resistance (1937-1945). Part Two examines three major poets, such as Zang Kejia 臧克家(1905-2004), Tian Jian 田间(1916-1985), and Ai Qing 艾青(1910-1996) and their poetic influence on the birth of the July Poetry Society. But these three poets are excluded from the members of the July Poetry Society in this research. Part Three analyzes the poetry series and magazines published by the July Poetry Society, especially focusing on Hu Feng 胡風(1902-1985). In Part Four, the re-illumination of the poets of the July Poetry Society in the early 1980s was the result of long and painstaking adventure that Chinese poets had been finding a high ideal of being the model poetry of realism, quote unquote, "the convergence of poet's personal feelings and national spirit."

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