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The Influence of Manchurian Culture on China and the Manchurian Culture Crisis Theory — with the Manchu language vocabulary in the Northeast dialect as the center

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2016, (34), pp.265-291
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2016..34.011
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Published : November 30, 2016

Na, Min Gu 1 LEE SOO BIN 1

1한국외국어대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Manchu people constantly assimilated with and influenced on their surrounding peoples’culture and enhanced their ethnic values by striving for harmony with various peoples and producing their own unique culture. Eventually, Manchurian culture contributed to the development of human civilization as a cultural heritage valuable to China and the world. Especially, Manchu people made an frequent exchange with Han Chinese and the Manchu language vocabulary existing in the Northeast dialect vividly reflects Manchu people’s cultural life, manners and customs, etc, richening today’s vocabulary of the Northeast dialect. But in spite of the influence that Manchurian culture had on the Northeast Asia, the Manchurian culture crisis theory came to the fore with intensifying Chinese economic reform and the effect of foreign culture. Manchu people no longer communicate with one another using the Manchu language. Their traditional manners have been weakened and they are assimilating with Han Chinese at high speed. Nowadays every culture experiences rapid change by the influence of economic globalization and foreign culture. However, the change of common language, region, economic activity and culture does not necessarily mean the people’s complete extinction. So long as Manchu people adopt a positive receptive stand to the Manchurian language, they can explore the value of their language and culture and going further contribute to the development of the field of economy, society and culture. Therefore, the decline of the population commanding the Manchurian language should not lead to the reduction of interest in the language and Manchurian culture. Today’s Manchurian culture waits for a new type of progress, equipped with practical values. The Manchurian culture crisis does not apply to only the Manchu people but it is a common issue to minority races in the world. So it is required that we should take an interest in and support minority races’language and culture. Furthermore, we should read the stream of times and prepare for the light and shadow of globalization in a long-term perspective.

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