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A Study of Relationship between Literati and Female Impersonators in Qing Dynasty - Focused on “Pinhuabaojian”

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2017, (37), pp.133-162
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2017..37.006
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : July 17, 2017
  • Accepted : August 10, 2017
  • Published : August 30, 2017

CHOI YOONJU 1

1숙명여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

“Pinhuabaojian” written love story between literati and female impersonators of the Qing Dynasty in Beijing, with The novel has unique style, some people, and “Hongloumeng” in comparison. There are three main characters relationship, that is Meiziyu[梅子玉] and Duqinyan[杜琴言], Tianchunhang[田春航] and Suhuifang[苏蕙芳], rich and Heixianggong[黑相公]. Each relationship has characteristics. First, Meiziyu and Duqinyan’s relationship rooted in genius arid beauty novels. Next, Tianchuhang and Suhuifang’s relationship is similar to traditional scholar and prostitute’s story. Finally, rich and Heixianggong of the relationship reflects the operatic life, showing the real features of the society at that time. ChenSen[陈森] through these characters and relationships, on the one hand describes the real life, on the other describes the image of his ideal female impersonators. Through these relationship, we can see the relation between literati and Female Impersonators in Qing Dynasty, and the author’s narrative attitude. As a result, these description stems from a sense of pride that literati hold deep in their hearts. They were enjoying to the female impersonators. Therefore, female actors have more feminine characteristics and conform to the taste of society. These passive female impersonators are also related to the absence of female characters in the novel, so Chensen will be his ideal female image of an female impersonators. He also admits that the female impersonators are a humble occupation. So at the end of the story, the ideal female impersonators get away from their job, and regains the identity of the male.

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