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A Study on Changing from the Genealogy to the Taste — Focusing on Yuanmei’s 「不飮酒二十首」

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2017, (38), pp.289-318
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2017..38.012
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : October 15, 2017
  • Accepted : November 15, 2017
  • Published : November 30, 2017

Hong, Hye-Jin 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Yuanmei袁枚 was a representative person in the middle of Qing Dynasty. He retired from a mayor of 江寧 town at the age of 33 years(1748) and spent as a full time writer for the remainder of his life in Gangnam City. Instead of being bound by tradition, he left a lot of individual work which had a influence on the literary world’s change of the 18th century. In the case of this example, I examined a poem - 「陶淵明有飮酒二十首余天性不飮故反之作不飮酒二十首」 closely. The poem was wrote at the his age of 44, which he was actively engaged in literary work, and faithfully implemented his literary view. This pome that refused to drink was strange and outrageous, and it was wrote largely for two purposes. First, the poem made human being’s values such as value of one’s identity more important and more independent through personal temperament性靈. Second, the poem was parted from the evils of the long-held tradition of blindly imitating Taoyuanming陶淵明 alcohol and his drinking poem. Yuanmei drew a boundary between him and alcohol by asserting its own nature and taste. The symbol of this negativity indicated his identity. The poem showed a self-centered concern to preserve himself and a sense of self-satisfaction about his life. This attitude became a milestone in the creation of progressive and courageous for beginners and writers. And we could look at the process of how the a demand for something new emerged in the 18th century’s poem.

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