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An Analysis on the Characteristics and Development of the Serial Verb Construction with Object Shown in “Shi Ji”

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2017, (38), pp.155-180
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2017..38.007
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : October 14, 2017
  • Accepted : November 15, 2017
  • Published : November 30, 2017

Sa, Wiguk 1 LEE,WOO-CHEOL 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The direct source of the modern Verb-Complement-Object Structure is the Serial Verb Construction with “action-result” meaning relation in Archaic Chinese Period. There are a lot of Serial Verb Constructions which have historical features in Shi Ji. So this paper researches V₁V₂O, V₁OV₂ and V₁O₁V₂O₂ structures with “action-result” meaning relation in Shi Ji from the semantic relations and the syntactic structures. The result of this research shows that not only the Serial Verb Structure V₁V₂O and V₁OV₂ with “action-result” semantic relation, but also the Serial Verb Structure V₁O₁V₂O₂ with “action-result” semantic meaning relation has an important historical evolution relation to the Verb-Complement-Object Structure. Although the semantic feature of the V₂ is different, and the composition relation between V₂ and O is different, the final development direction of the different Serial Verb Structures is the same, they develop towards the Verb-Complement-Object Structure. But if the semantic relation between V₂ and O is different, the development process shown by the Serial Verb Structures is different too. In a Serial Verb Construction, besides the V₁, V₂, O, there also have some another elements which can enter between V₁ and V₂. The inserted elements indicate that the semantic relation and the syntactic relation between V₁ and V₂ are still not close, the Serial Verb Construction in Shi Ji is till a developing structure.

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