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The Political Nature and Multilayered Cultural Representations of the War to Resist America and Aid Korea in 1958

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2019, (43), pp.267-284
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2019..43.012
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : January 15, 2019
  • Accepted : February 11, 2019
  • Published : February 28, 2019

HAN DAM 1

1성공회대학교 동아시아 연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

When Chinese People’s Volunteer Army retreat from N. Korea in 1958, the second peak of literary creation on the subject of the War to Resist America and Aid Korea is coming. Aleida Assmann said ‘remembered past’ is a matter of securing legitimacy and interpretation of reality. As she said, in the beginning of the nation, this war left the Chinese people national pride and a elementary experience of internationalism. It has been summoned and reorganized to meet the new political mission of changing domestic and international situations in 1958. This article is purposed to review why and how this war was remembered in 1958 as a main turning point. I particularly focused on Chinese memories of the Korean War seem uniform on the surface, but it is not homogenous inside. Thus, this paper considered diachronic change and narrative levels as the key factors that make up a memory. First, through focusing on documentary films The War to Resist U.S and Aid Korea(1951) and The sing for Heros(1958) as the official narrative, analyzed a background and the political nature of the recall of war. Second, considered the difference between official and popular narratives through analyzing a film drama Friendship(1959). And we can discover the cracks in the imagination of N. Korea and China's internationalism by comparing N. Korean film showed in China Comrade(1959) at the last.

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