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The Design and Direction of China’s Ocean Culture Policy in the 21st Century

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2020, (47), pp.1-28
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2020..47.001
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : January 15, 2020
  • Accepted : February 13, 2020
  • Published : February 28, 2020

Kwon Ki Young 1

1인천대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In 2012, the Chinese government set the construction of an “ocean power” as a new national strategic goal. Among China’s future strategy of “The Belt and Road Initiative”, The Road was the ‘21st-Century Maritime Silk Road’. This paper aims to look at the framework and direction of the Chinese government’s “ocean culture policy” amid the rise of ‘ocean’ in China’s national strategy. The Chinese government’s ocean cultural policy consists largely of three policy categories: ocean cultural public service policy, ocean cultural industry policy and ocean culture foreign policy. China’s ocean cultural public service policy is striving to popularize ocean culture with the aim of expanding the public’s ocean consciousness. China’s ocean cultural industry policy is striving to build a ocean cultural industry cluster and develop ocean cultural content, with the focus of the ocean tourism industry. China’s foreign policy on ocean culture is pushing to globalize Chinese ocean culture by building an international exchange platform for ocean culture and revitalizing international cooperation in the ocean culture industry. China’s ocean cultural policy is still in its infancy, and this situation seems similar to Korea’s. South Korea has also established a “New Southern Policy” as a national strategy, which is closely related to the “oceanic”. At a time when the “oceanic” is increasingly highlighted in the national strategy of Korea and China around the same time, we expect that the design of policies related to ocean culture is one of the important national tasks and that it can be a cross-reference model between the two countries.

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