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A Study on Meidingzuo’s Qingnilianhuaji

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2020, (48), pp.71-99
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2020..48.004
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : April 10, 2020
  • Accepted : May 12, 2020
  • Published : May 30, 2020

JeongSook Park 1

1계명대학교 인문과학연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This essay is the study of Qingnilianyuaji(靑泥蓮花記) that Meidingzuo(梅鼎祚) had compiled during a Wanli(萬曆) year of the Ming(明) Dynasty. It contains the record for 216 'jinü(妓女)' from the Han Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty. There have been reported numeros studies on jinü till now. There have been a lot of study results. But, the in-depth study of literatures on jinü have never been many. Qingnilianyuaji contains biographies of jinü andwill be widely used to study on jinü. Qingnilianyuaji consisted of intrinsic side and extrinsic side. In the intrinsic side, Each jinü classified by illumination of jinü’s life on the basis of virtue of Buddhism, Toism and Confucianism. In the extrinsic side, It illuminates jinü’s literary talent and individual personality. The writer have classifed like this because jinü’s moral character has been highlighted first than looks and talents. Also it has been highlighted first virtue of Buddhism and Toism than Confucianism because of my compilation standard. Meidingzuo was absorbed in Buddhism. But more importand thing is because of an expression of discontent about reality of politics on Ming Dynasty. Consequently it has praised the jinü achieved enlightenment religiously of Buddhism and Toism and got away from jinü’s immoral life theirselves. The virtue of Confucianism are loyalty, fidelity, filial duty, integrity, chastity, marriage. It emphasizes loyalty and fidelity than chastity and so on is especially worthy of notice. Chastity is the common virtue of jinü. By the way, it places emphasis on loyalty and fidelity of jinü. It is a criticism of the nobility loosed loyalty and fidelity compare unfavorably with jinü. Also, the compiler have fundamental solution to be completely out of jinü’s promiscuous life. jinü’s life written on this essay is a model of general jinü’s life. As we've seen, this study is to find out how the wirter looked at 'jinü(妓女)' through the system of compilation and classification of Qingnilianhuaji. And I could clearly understand why Meidingzuo came to compile the book by examining the background of its compilation. In particular, it pointed out that the culture of evaluating gisaeng based on the Ming Dynasty's perception of celebrated 'jinü(妓女)' is based on its foundation.

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