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An Evaluation Study on the Directional Information of Gimhae International Airport based on Universal Design

  • Journal of Communication Design
  • Abbr : JCD
  • 2019, 67(), pp.155-167
  • DOI : 10.25111/jcd.2019.67.12
  • Publisher : CDAK Society of Communication Design
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Design > Visual Information Design > Information Design
  • Received : February 24, 2019
  • Accepted : April 27, 2019
  • Published : April 30, 2019

WonJun Chung 1

1동명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

An airport continuously serves domestic passengers departing the country and overseas passengers returning to their countries under various purposes including sightseeing, visits to friends and relatives, and business. An airport also plays the roles of a transportation bases between nations, gives the first impression of the destination to its users, and holds a very important place in the nation's tourism. The purposes of this study were to investigate, analyze, assess, and test problems with all kinds of amenities at the international passenger terminal of Gimhae International Airport and the current designs of its directional signs from the perspective of universal design. For these purposes, the investigator conducted a general examination into the international terminal of the airport to ensure the validity of the study and looked into the reality of directional information and amenities at the airport in the field checklist method. A focus was placed on elements related to directional facilities for airport users including airport entrances, restrooms, elevators, escalators, directional signs, and stairs. Users' walking and uses of directional facilities were stated directly to present analysis results. The findings show that there were problems with the facilities and a shortage of directional information from the perspective of users. Proposing a set of specific solutions, the study found it urgent to address several problems including disharmony between the overall internal environment of the airport and the walking environment, lighting contrast, height of pictograms, size of facilities, fitness of colors, and visual attractiveness of fonts. Based on these evaluation results, the study explored valid possibilities that everyone could use in the information system of universal design at the international terminal of Gimhae Airport through the coping measures and solutions for the various problems. A future research task will be to develop a set of practical information guidelines for the Gimhae Airport as an international airport based on a universal design environment by conducting a specific experiment with subjects based on these evaluation results.

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