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The Labor Regulations and Social Rights of Gaeseong Industrial Complexes - Focusing on Amendatory Labor Regulation of G.I.C. -

  • DONG-A LAW REVIEW
  • 2015, (67), pp.27-62
  • Publisher : The Institute for Legal Studies Dong-A University
  • Research Area : Social Science > Law

Moon Moogi 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The possibilities of North Korean change are hinted recently by the introduction of the open-door policy and capitalistic market economy. And it is noteworthy that efforts to address labor flexibility elements have been discovered in labor regulations, which applied to Special Economic Zones. Gaseong Industrial Complexes is estimated as a touchstone of direct investment to the North Korea by private sectors at the first time and on a large scale. Especially this business is meaningful that it has not only interests of economy considering its abundance of low-wage, high-quality labor force, the ease in securing industrial sites, familiar language and culture, a variety of potential tax benefits but also national reconciliation and correspondence. However the business in G.I.C. has many problems to solve, because there are some criticisms around social rights i.e. the fundamental human rights of labor. To resolve theses matters we should give some resolutions about workforce supplement and initiative in labor relationship from recruitment to termination, labor productivity and participation in production management. But most af all, if direct paying system became not fixed, there could be room for doubt that the authorities of North Korea have stolen the wage of northern workers, however the minimum wages and social insurance premium rise up according to Amendatory Labor Regulation of G.I.C.. And the representatives of northern workers should be elected in clean and democratic way too for the democratization in the workplace. Finally, it is requested for giving due considerations to north korean workers' welfare and equality, which for the healthy and sound working conditions.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.