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The Interaction of Old Chos?n, Yan, and Qi: focusing on the war from late 4th to early 3rd century BCE

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2006, (83), pp.1-38
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Daejae Park 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper is a study on the peer polity interaction of Old Chosŏn, Yan, and Qi from the late 4th century to the early 3rd century BCE. In the introductory chapter, I represent the summary of previous studies on the topic and review the problems of those. In the previous studies only the relation between Old Chosŏn and Yan has been focused, but the agency of Qi that was the military rival of Yan and the commercial partner of Old Chosŏn has been ignored. The second chapter is on the interactional state formation process of Old Chosŏn, Yan, and Qi around 323 BCE. In this chapter I suggest that the interactional birth of king(Wang) in these states implies archaic ‘state’ formation. The third chapter provides a historical approach to the interactional attack of Qi and Old Chosŏn toward Yan from 314 to 312 BCE. According to the Yantieiun and the Bowuzhi, there was Old Chosŏn’s invasion to Yan’s eastern region around 314 BCE when Qi plundered Yan’s ten castles. In the final chapter, I assert that from 284 to 280 BCE the expansion of Yan brought about interactional decline of Qi and Old Chosŏn. As it is, Old Chosŏn’s Manbŏnhan that was Yan’s final attack point around 280 BCE was a important spot linking Old Chosŏn and Qi through maritime route between Liaodong peninsula and Shandong peninsula.

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