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The Objectives And The Results Of The Colonial Customs researches

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2007, (86), pp.211-246
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

허영란 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study an examination was conducted of colonial old customs researches done by Japan in the process of its invasion into Asia. Those old customs researches conducted in Chosun were also reexamined. The results reveal that the old customs researches by the colonial authorities included both the normative customs researches intended for enactment and the actual customs researches intended for correction. In Chosun there was a shift in focus in the middle 1910s from the enactment of norms to the collection of data for administrative reference. There was also a change to the agents of those researches. The Jungchuwon(中樞院) in charge of old customs researches according to the official regulations continued to do its job until the middle 1920s when different administrative departments including the Gwanbang at the Government-General of Chosun started to lead those researches. A comparison between the market researches done by the Jungchuwon and Gwanbang at the Government-General confirmed the results. The Government-General of Chosun was active conducting old customs researches for the sake of efficient colonial rule, but the objectives of the researches were not always fulfilled. It was not the case that they were able to manipulate the customs one-sidedly for certain purposes. And the force of the reality to maintain and support the customs was unexpectedly strong, which was confirmed in the market researches. That's why different perspectives should be taken according to the agents of researches involved in analyzing the data of old customs researches, which were generated in the middle of fierce tension between the intentions hidden in the research activities and the reality of the colony including the customs.

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