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Korea and the East-Asian World from the 9th to the 12th Century

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2007, (88), pp.3-38
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Lee, Ki Dong 1

1동국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

During the ancient times, such areas as the Korean Peninsular, Japanese Islands and Vietnam could be included in the Chinese Cultural sphere in that Chinese Character, Confucianism, Chinese law code and statutes, Chinese Buddhist Canons had affected. On the one hand, the Chinese Emperor's Installation System to the Kings of these neighboring states had strongly influenced the diplomatic and cultural relationship in this area. This traditional system had drastically been destroyed since the declining of T'ang China in the 9th Century. Therefore, it was natural that the Chinese World Order didn't operate in the area until the Mongol's conquest on the area in the 13th Century. From the 9th to the 12th Century, the East-Asian World was so much pluralistic and fluctuating in the political area which was caused by the failure of Chinese dominating power. These nations held many distinctive political features in common. They could not control their country systematically so that the centralized authoritarian system had become weaker as the people's power got stronger. Specifically, the new leaders at that time were the sea farers who had indulged their dynamic energy into the international trades beyond the national boundary. Because there were no formal foreign relationships among nations around that time, these merchants could contact and engage in informal diplomatic messenger with many countries. Therefore, the East-Asian World Trade System could be maintained only through these maritime merchants. It is very remarkable that the increase of the mutual understanding among these peoples had affected the advent of consciousness as marginal man who did not belong to the exclusive national identity.

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