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The Political society and the instituion of Hwarangdo in the reign of King Jinheung in Silla

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2008, (92), pp.1-36
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Park Namsoo 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The policies in the reign of King Jinheung are featured as Budhhist and territorial expansion policies. Those were led by high officials belonging to Ryanbu and Saryangbu encircling King Jinheung. Considering that Hwarangdo was systemized by them with King JinHeung at that time, its purpose, function and characteristic seem to be related closely with those policies. In this point of view, this study focuses on examining the main group of establishing Hwarangdo and its aims and researching the politic tasks and ideological atmosphere in the reign of King Jinheung in Silla as the background of Hwarangdo establishment. Furthermore, it is examined in this study how Wonhwa, Hwarangdo and Puwoldo were related with each other and what the relation with Hwabaek Council was. On the basis of those examination, the author would like to trace the issue on the origin of Hwarangdo. As a result of the study, Wonhwa and Hwarang were enacted to harmonize the social, political issues with the tradition of Gabae as an organizational principle of 6 Bu, the belief of Sun-and-Moon God and Buddhism, especially, Mireuk Hasaeng Sinang(Maitreya faith). In particular, it seems that Wonhwa characterized as a transient system aiming at selecting the talented only in 6 Bu restrictively was changed to Hwarang as a policy for selecting the talented inclusively in the true bone class as well as sons of 6 Bu in Capital. This change was carried out through unifying the Wonhwa system with Pungwoldo functioning as a political preparation course for noble sons in the process of withdrawing the authority of the recommendation system of 6 Bu to the central government.

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