본문 바로가기
  • Home

The Diplomatic Activities of Korean Ministers to Japan, 1900∼1905

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2009, (94), pp.77-121
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Han, Cheol-Ho 1

1동국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this essay is to make the character and meaning of the Korean policy regarding Japan clear by analyze the diplomatic activities of Korean ministers to Japan in the Korea Empire(1900∼1905). After the Boxer Uprising in China(1900), Korean ministers demanded the neutralization of Korea like Switzerland or Belgium, Japan refused this request based on the Korean-Japanese [military] alliance. Also, Korean ministers did his best in depor the political exiles. So, Japan tried to conclude the Korean-Japanese alliance using this problem while couldn't take an administrative measure for exile because of the International law. But, negotiation about the exile was discontinued since Japan ignored the declare of the neutralization of Korea and concluded the Protectorate Treaty(1905) by force. Korean ministers protested against Japanese government about the interference and abuse of authority of Japanese ministers or advisers to Korea together. Although Korean ministers appeal the poverty of students studying in Japan, they couldn't receive any support from the government. So, they allot the money to study and to meet student's living expense by asking for a loan. Even though the government decided to send the students back, Korean ministers did his best to help the students finish the curriculum. Korean ministers mediated the buying the modern materials and machine or obtaining the technologies smoothly. And Korean ministers tried to aid the destitute and illegal entrant by spending operational expenses of legation or asking for a loan. Like this, Korea ministers to Japan tried to solve the a question pending between the two countries considering the actual circumstance in the field. However they failed to achieve any result because the diplomacy between Korea and Japan were determined unilaterally by Japanese policies toward Korea, not on the mutual basis. But we shouldn't overlook the aspect that in the situation which there were frequent changes of Korea ministers to Japan, long vacant seat, lack of operational expenses, Korean ministers to Japan could not systematically collect comprehensive informations concerning Japanese domestic situation. Neither did they fully negotiate with Japanese government over the questions pending between two states.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.