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Rural Military Operation System of Koguryo in 6th and 7th Century: based on the Structure of Rural Area Ruling System

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2009, (95), pp.1-39
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

나동욱 1

1육군사관학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Koguryo reformed the area ruling system dividing into the Five Department composed of Neapyeong, the inner village and Yoipyeong, the outer area. Each Department has Yoksal as a minister. In case of Yoipyeong, it was made up of 3 stages of chain of command: Yoksal-Chyolyokunji-Rucho. Meanwhile, Koguryo reorganized Kaladal, the artisan in Jesosung executing military function, as the aide under Yoksal and Chyolyokunji to complete the gaps in ruling system. When it comes to the West Department established in Liáodōng region, however, numbers of Yoksal were founded for military needs unlike other areas in Koguryo. It is believed that Yoksals in the West Department might play similar roles to ones in many other places under the integrated command of the West Department Yoksal though it manages rather small areas. The military operation system in Koguryo, on the one hand, were operated based on above-mentioned rural area ruling system. The one in the West Department was dispositioned to control the key avenues of approach. In the military viewpoint, Jedaesung in Yoksal arms in readiness locating itself on the most important route from the external diameter of Koguryo to the center of it, the spear of the main road, or the junction of the depth and the main road. It is hard to firmly declare but there is slight possibility that Ogolsung Yoksal was the West Department Yoksal. While Jesung of Chyolyokunji under Yoksal controlled the principal roads less important, Jesosung of Kaladal did the brench road. In Chyolyokunji, though it had "independency" on military operations, that was limited to defense operations of own castle and was subjected to Yoksal's command and control as per usual.

Citation status

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