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The Acceptance of 'Gomunseo(Old Documents)' and the Problems of Arranging the Documents of Pre-Modern Archives

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2009, (95), pp.107-133
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Hyun Young Kim 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article discusses how Korea accept the concept of 'Gomunseo(old documents)' and how the studies on the Gomunseo after 1945 has developed, and points out the limits and problems of arranging the documents of pre-modern archives by the concept of the Gomunseo. By accepting the concept of Gomunseo made by modern Japanese scholar uncritically, it bring about many problems in arranging Gomunseo materials. So I suggest to re-orient the concept of document and record by archival science. Diplomatics in Japan has established as a subsidiary science to history. Prof. Kuroita Katsumi define the document as 'a letter sending from A to B for special purpose', and we accept the concept straightly. Diplomatics of Korea has developed after 1980 when the guide book of Korean diplomatics has published by Prof. Choi Seung-Hee and the Society of Korean Diplomatics has started. But the way of arranging the old documents by concept and classification of Gomunseo which was made by sender and accepter has recently criticized by archival science. Archival science assist the principle of provenance and original order in arranging the old documents. It is not the content in a document but the context of documents for understanding the documents. So new concept of 'Gomunseo' has needed for the archivist and historian. This article survey a case of mistake arranging old documents by the concept and classification of Gomunseo and I assume that the problems are solved by the digitization of the archives.

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