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Seungjeogwon(承政院) Seungjijik(承旨職)’s Actual Personnel Management In Hyojong(孝宗) Reign(1649~1659) - Focusing on the Lists of the Order of the Court Officers of the Journals of the Secretary Office, Seungjeongwonilkijwamok(『承政院日記』 座目) -

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2010, (100), pp.1-29
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

강성득 1

1한국고전번역원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper surveys Seungjeogwon(承政院) Seungjijik(承旨職)’s actual personnel management in Hyojong(孝宗) reign(1649~1659) by focusing on the lists of the order of the court officers of the Journals of the secretary office , Seungjeongwonilkijwamok(『承政院日記』 座目). The lists of the order of the court officers of the Journals of the secretary office Seungjeongwonilkijwamok(『承政院日記』 座目) are chronological documents of the court officers the holding office. In Hyojong(孝宗) reign(1649~1659) Six Seungjis(六承旨) headed by the prime minister(院相) in charge held office. The prime minister acted for the king while the king was in mourning of the late king Injo(仁祖). The king had the power to designate the secretary, Seungji(承旨) by choosing one from threefold candidates were nominated by the officers. The secretary, Seungji took the assignment by being assigned to the certain office room. By king’s special order or by the certain private cause of the secretary, the assigning of the secretary would be changed. The management of the secretary office, Seungjeogwon was organized with the chief secretary, Doseungji(都承旨) as a leader in the hierarchy. The secretaries had the everyday office meeting, Chungjwa(廳座). In this meeting, they made the decisions that they report the documents to or not. Sometimes secretaries sent back the documents to the officers who made those documents in the case of the officer didn’t follow the customs of the court. In certain case, the secretaries expressed their opinions by changing the texts of the documents. Sometimes the secretaries were impeached these misdemeanor. The secretary office, Seungjeogwon sent back the king’s order when he didn’t follow the custom. By this procedure of sending back, Bongwhan(封還) the secretary office expressed its own opinion. On the special case, the secretary office showed its opionion by t he secretary office report, Wonuigesa(院議啓辭). By the lists of the order of the court officers of the Journal of The lists of the order of the court officers of the Journals of the secretary office Seungjeongwonilkijwamok(『承政院日記』 座目), it was found that the secretaries starts their jobs from the deputy secretary, Dongbuseugji(同副承旨) and they got the promotion. As the rank got higher and higher from the deputy secretary, Dongbuseugj to chief secretary, Doseungji, in the hierarchical ladder, the seats of officers became fewer. The average holding office days of the chief secretary, Doseungji(都承旨) is 43.1 days which is longer than other secretaries. It means that the chief secretary, Doseungji is main figure of The secretary office, Seungjeogwon. The average holding office days of the secretaries is very short. Either the secretaries were changed by short term change management way of the secretary office or they were impeached occasionally. And the reason that the seat of secretary, Seungjijik(承旨職) was important position of the court was the other factor of short holding office time. By Surbeying of former office job of the 70s persons of the secretaries in Hyojong times, it was found that 50% of the secretaries served as military officers, and the candiadates of the higher court rankers, Dangsanggwan who were in the major grade of third court rank, Jungsampum, and the a staffs in charge of the six ministry office, Yukjo(六曹) were moved to secretary office. 10% of the ex-secretaries became the higher ministers, 60% of them got the rank of the the minor grade of the second ranker of the court, Jongipum(從二品) or higher rank in Hyojong times. By this survey it is found that the secretary office, Seungjeogwon is important office of Joseon dynasty.

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