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Review on the deceased patriots promotion after the restoration of independence

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2010, (100), pp.361-398
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Yoon Seon-Ja 1

1전남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is to examine how promotion of treatment for deceased patriots has been established and practiced after the restoration of independence and to contribute to establishing proper promotion policies and promotion activities as well. Rewards for men of merit for independence movement started in 1949 after the restoration of independence and 11,870 people have been rewarded until the end of 2009. Only 2 people were conferred in the 1950s due to Korean war and the damage of the war. Conferment of a man of merit was resumed in 1962, yet the number of conferment was very small during the 18 years of the third republic(Park Jeonghee administration) which was fully committed to economic development and growth. Such trend was visible in the fifth republic as well. Reward for men of merit for independence movement significantly increased in the 1990s, which was attributed to growing interest in the history of independence movement as the democracy in Korea developed and grew; research and study on independence movement after foundation of the Memorial Hall for Korean independence Fighter and Korean Independence Movement History Research Institute. In 2005, socialistic independence movement activists were also rewarded only under the condition in which 'communists' were considered 'activists who were committed to building a socialistic country'. March 1st Movement is the most common case for the reward when selecting people for the reward because the movement was carried out nationwide and related facts can be confirmed through materials and documents such as court records created during Japanese regime. Most activists overseas were populated in Manchuria because many activists carried out independence movement in Manchuria. The reward level became lower over the years. The reward level became relatively lower while the number of people for conferment increased since the 1990s. This shows that review for conferment became much tighter and enhanced. For more conferment and reward, comprehensive research, organization and publication of the related materials are needed. The most important thing, however, is support and interest in the activists and the history of independence movement. Only we can take care of our patriotic martyrs. Without our interest and support, they will be forgotten. If they are forgotten, the history of our independence movement will be forgotten, which can promise no future for our nation. The area for deceased patriots in the National Cemetery, many memorial halls for deceased patriots including the Independence Hall and over 700 facilities for promoting independence movement are still not enough but they can be actively utilized for promotion of deceased patriots. These facilities are located nationwide therefore we should seek a way to utilize these for educational purposes. Furthermore, we should promote related festivals and events in each region to increase the interest among the residents as we seek a way to promote to people in other regions through websites of the cities and districts or promotional pamphlets. Education and promotion should be utilized to encourage the idea that deceased patriots and the history of independence movement should be acknowledged by the whole Korean nation. Base for education promotion is academic research. Promotion and education for the public should be divided for students/youth and the general public. Proper education contents and methods for students/youth should be developed and practiced and promotion/eduction on independence movement as the root of Korean identity and the growth force to maintain the essence of Korean nation should be offered to the general public.

Citation status

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