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Silla 6 Bu and Office rank system shown in Pohang Jungseongri Silla Stone Monument

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2010, (100), pp.447-492
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Park Namsoo 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Based on a new interpretation of Pohang Jungseongri Silla Stone Mounument discovered in 2009, I examined the development process and the structure of Silla 6 Bu and the Office rank of Capital and provinces. With this, it was found that Silla 6 Bu was reorganized as a territorial administrative district from a residence-centered district based on kinship and there were palaces as the clan basis of each Bu and messengers(sain; 使人) with private characteristic. In addition, it can be figured out that, going through triple systems, as it were, an office rank system of Yangbu(喙部)․Saryangbu(沙喙部), ‘Khanji(干支)-Ilbul(壹伐)’ structure of 4 Bu in capital and ‘Khanji(干支)-IlKumji(壹金知)’ structure in provinces(村; chon), the Office rank system of Silla, which developed from ‘Khanji(干支)-Ilbul(壹伐)’ structure at the beginning of creation of 6 Bu, was organized to the office rank system of capital and provinces when the law was promulgated in the reign of King Bupheung and then the system was completed as Gyeongwi 17 levels of office rank(京位: office rank held by residents of capital) and Woewi 11 levels of office rank(外位: office rank held by residents of provinces) at around 539~561 A.D. Moreover, the status hierarchy from True bone(Chingol) to the head rank four (4 dupum) as the core basis of Bone rank system(Golpum System) of Silla was already established in the period of Maripgan and it was enlarged to True bone and head rank system from six to one, then, reflected on the Statute enacted in the reign of King Bupheung.

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