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Organized Limitations of Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Korean State after 8․15 Liberation and the Background of Separation of Left and Right wing

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2010, (100), pp.825-866
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Yoon Duk Young 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to examine the Organized characteristics of the central structure of the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Korean State, the process of and reasons for rupture of negotiations between left and right wing to expand the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Korean State, and the hegemony victory of the Reconstruction group of Joseon Communist Party that became clearer in the process of conversion from the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Korean State to the People's Republic of Korea, in order to reveal the internal structural limitations that led to the failure of the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Korean State activities, and analyze the characteristics of the National United Front Line theory of the Reconstruction group of Joseon Communist Party and Park Hun-young as a background that inevitably had limitations, and ultimately explain the background for left and right wing conflicts in the process of national establishment for the first time immediately after liberation. The first central structure of the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Korean State plainly reveals the weaknesses of the political forces that support the committee. Since the Japanese colonial period it was structured solely by a small portion of the national and social movement forces. The structure established a system by the second central structure, but the Reconstruction group of Joseon Communist Party was the biggest force, and the Joseon Alliance for National Government and Lyuh Woon-Hyung failed to take the majority position. because they have due to a fundamentally weak human resources structure. Nationalist forces like Ahn Jae-Hong and other members of the Kihopa did participate, but they were a very small portion of the entire nationalist force. Negotiations between left and right wing to include a wide range of nationalist forces in the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Korean State took place twice between Lyuh Woon-Hyung and Ahn Jae-Hong, and the nationalists. However, the negotiations foundered due to interference from the Reconstruction group of Joseon Communist Party. Forces connected to Reconstruction group of Joseon Communist Party already had leadership in the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Korean State. In the process leading up to the announcement of the People's Republic of Korea at the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Korean State, the leadership of Lyuh Woon-Hyung was limited to people around him, and did not influence communists. The Reconstruction group of Joseon Communist Party charged forward despite his intentions, and skillfully used him. The August Thesis that expanded to the political route of the Reconstruction group of Joseon Communist Party claimed cooperation of the national bourgeoisie and establishment of a national united front line. However, the focal point of interest was proletarian hegemony. In other words, the focus was on winning the public to establish a working class and leadership authority. The August Thesis defined Song Chin-Woo as a rebellious national bourgeoisie and the Korea Democratic Party as a holding and capitalist class counter-party, and made clear that the wide nationalist force focusing on the Korea Democratic Party and pars of he socialist right wing would be excluded from the national united front line. Such routes and actions of the Reconstruction group of Joseon Communist Party were important reasons that prevented the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the Korean State from developing into a national united front line that included left and right wing, in the process of national establishment. Lyuh Woon-Hyung needed stronger political faith that he could walk the road alone, stronger abilities, and great will and political power to break through the situation, but he failed in the end, and the separation of left and right wing grew clearer.

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