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Consideration of the Chronology of the section of Hwangryongsagucheungtap from 『 Samkungnyusa』

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2014, (113), pp.1-42
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Inuk Heo 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

To synthesize the above discussions, after the initial construction of Hwangryongsatap, it was damaged from the fire caused by the lightning in August of the 17th year of King Seongdeok’s reign, and was reconstructed in the 19th year of King Seongdeok’s reign. Then King Kyeongmun ordered for remodeling, after the tower was tilted from ground instability during King Munseong’s rule and the damaged from the lightnings in the 8th year of King Kyeongmun. This remodeling work started on August 12 of the same year, went through the foundation work such as organizing gamjeon, and the wooden work up to the ninth floor was completed in July of the following year, or the 12th year of King Kyeongmun’s reign. Then the finishing work of dancheong (traditional multicolored paintwork on wooden buildings) was completed in September of King Kyeongmun’s reign. The tower was tilted again to northern direction in the 4th year of King Kyeongae’s reign, but was not restored because the latter part of the Silla Dynasty was the time of chaos. In Goryo Dynasty, the tower was completely destroyed by fire from the lightning in the 4th of King Gwangjong’s reign, and was then reconstructed in the 7th year of King Mokjong’s reign. Further damages from the earthquake in March of the 3rd year of King Hyeonjong‘s reign was repaired in May of the same year, and another repair is recorded to have taken place in the 12th year of King Hyeongjong’s reign. The damage from lightning occurred again in the first year of King Jeongjong’s reign and there was another reconstruction in the 18th year of King Munjong’s reign. In the first year of King Heonjong’s reign, two damages were recorded in June and October, but it is not certain whether the damage in June was recorded twice or the damage actually occurred at two different occasions. This damage was repaired from August of the first year of Hunjong’s reign to the first year of King Sookjong’s reign. the tower of Hwangryongsa was not further reconstructed after the complete destruction in the 25th year of King Gojong’s reign by fire caused by the Mongolian military. After the union of three countries by the Silla Dynasty, The Nine-floor-tower of Hwangryong temple’s patriotism has been highlighted. The power of the meaning continued to live until the former part of the Koryo Dynasty, and this can be shown by the founder Taejo Wang Geon’s building of nine-floor-tower in Seogyeong to express his will to unify the nation, and repairing of The Nine-floor-tower of Hwangryongsa during King Hyeonjong’s rule to overcome the invasion of Khitans, using the lumbers of Joyugoong. The record of damages and reconstruction of Hwangryongsatap in section of the Hwangryongsagucheungtap from 『Samkungnyusa(Memorabilla of the three Kingdoms)』 and many other records show that the tower had greate influence in the societies of Silla and Goryo. However, the status of the Nine-floor-tower of Hwangryongsa weakened greatly from King Injong’s rule of Goryo and ite no longer had any meaning with the destruction in the 25th year of King Gojong’s reign.

Citation status

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