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The Organization and Operation of the Nae-eui-sung in the Early Koryo

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2015, (117), pp.85-121
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Soojung Shin 1

1강원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Nae-eui-sung(內議省), Gwang-pyung-sung(廣評省), and Nae-bong-sung(內奉省) consisted of government offices for prim ministers before organization of Naesa-munha-sung(內史門下省) and Sangsu-sung(尙書省). Nae-eui-sung played roles of counselling and criticising for political issues and writing Royal edicts, and so on. Due to the organization of Nae-eui-sung, we could realize that the government of Koryo pursued to achieve the ideas for Confucian politics. When was the government office started in Koryo? There is no direct evidence to indicate the time to be established. Yet, there is a record that Koryo established Three-ministries, Six-departments which approximately imitated the political system of the Tang Dynasty after transfer of the Capital to Kaekyung. Even if some controversies have existed, I would like to accept the record positively. Therefore, I think that the time of the establishment of Nae-eui-sung might have been when the Capital was removed from Chunlwon to Kaekyung. Even though the government office was established late, the minister of Nae-eui-sung, Nae-eui-ryung, played a role as a prime minister with Gwang-pyng Si-jung and Nae-bong-ryung. The rank of the ministry might be the second among Three-Ministries during the reign of the King Taejo. However, the position of the ministry climbed to the top instead of the Gwang-pyung-sung during the King Gwangjong’s reign due to the king's policies to oppress local strongmen. Under the circumstances, the Nae-eui-ryung functioned as an honorary official rank for the crown prince, as well as the top rank for subjects. It was thought that the position of the ministry became higher during King Gwangjong's reign than King Taejo's. In addition, even lower positioned officials such as Nae-eui-sung-ji-sa-in were found more than ever. The position of the government office was maintained even after King Kyongjong’s accession to the throne. Yet, King Kyongjong organized a new government official named Jip-jung Nae-sa-ryung(執政 內史令), so the power of Nae-eui-sung was influenced by the new official post. It is hard to know how Nae-eui- sung was changed because of the limited historical records. Even so, we can find that Nae-eui-ryung was appointed as ever. At last, the ministry was disappeared when King Sungjong adopted the model of the Tang Dynasty as the political system. Influenced by the model, Koryo finally established Naesa -munha-sung and Sangsu-sung.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.