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An Analysis of the Rituals of Khitan Envoy’s Reception in Early Goryeo

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2015, (118), pp.159-201
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Jung-Soo Han 1

1건국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims at examine how Goryeo receive Khitan envoy and treat him in banquets in the court for welcome and seeing out him. Firstly, I seek out friendly relation between two dynasties and its principle, ceremony and symbolism. I arrange conditions and features of Khitan envoy’s comings and goings and how they reflect characters of international relationship for tribute and investiture. Secondly, I analyze the content of receptive ritual for Khitan envoy in Goryeo. For example, rituals for Josaeui who delivered royal edicts and Gibokgochiksa who granted king to operate state affairs again were analyzed. Finally, I examine the scale and status of Khitan envoy who came to Goryeo and banquets for him. After these examination, I concluded as follows. Relation between Goryeo and Khitan was not one-sided subordinate relationship due to power superiority. Goryeo’s efforts for self-reliance were reflected in the process of establishing relation to Khitan and Khitan should consider these efforts. However, I can’t say that relation between Goryeo and Khitan was not relationship of submission to the stronger. I can say that this relation had dual character as state faith and submission to the stronger. Goryeo made efforts to reflect this character of relation in the ceremony receiving Khitan envoy. It reflected the status and cultural level of Goryeo dynasty. Banquets in the court for Khitan’s envoy reflected these facts.

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.