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Conditions and characteristics of the GungBangjen(宮房田) in the Korean Empire

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2015, (118), pp.271-307
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Limyong Han 1

1순천향대학교 아산학연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

I analyzed Yeoju-kun yangan and Chungju-kun yangan from Gwhangmu-yangan. Yeoju has land of 10 Palace. Chungju had 5 lands. Gungbangjen(land of royal family) in two kun were land from a mere 1.87% and 0.2%. Most of the land was distributed to the 3,4 myun(面). This is not a heavy burden to the station after trying to distribute a balanced land was intended. Among the interesting places is the palace youngchinwang land. Generally Palaces owned the land in the upper grades. This rate is higher than the private land of large landowners. But only youngchinwang-palace owned low grades. 5 or 6 grade land was 80 % of the total land of the grade of land. And it had the most poor farmers. Farmers owning land in half compared to farmers in other GungBangjen. The reason is that what was. Youngchinwang is thought that there was a political intention as the next emperor. Youngchinwang gathered by the poor farmers of his land. He invested a lot of capital in land reclamation and cultivation. This helps promote agricultural productivity, it was an important means to stabilize the farmers' lives and society. The time for empires was encouraged these activities. Youngchinwang is practiced in Yeoju this campaign directly. Yeoju is particularly high compared with other regions more than barren lands, and the proportion of poor 10-20%. Therefore, this behavior would have been more effective in youngchinwang social stability.

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